- Camps in Thailand
- Camp Organisation
Mae Chan Sub-district, Umphang District, Tak Province
Distance from Border
8 km in a straight line, 13 km by road to the border village of Perng Klerng
Distance from Mae Sot
232 km / approx. 5 hours driving time
Distance from Umphang
68 km / approx. 1½ hours driving time
Car: All-year-round access (public transport available)
Phone: No mobile phone coverage[H1] , although a landline was set up at the camp office (Oct 2010); public phone available at MoI office
Area about 400 rai (64 ha)
Introduction and History
Nu Po is also commonly spelt Nopho/ Noh Hpo. The name means “small lake” in the Karen language. The 12,129 population of Nu Po is some 81 percent ethnic Karen/Kayin and around 7 percent Burman.
Nu Po camp was set up in March 1997 in order to consolidate the existing refugee populations of Meteroke and Baw Ner Hta camps (both were set up in 1992 and had populations of 4,595 and 2,078 respectively) and to house new arrivals. The original caseload was predominantly of Karen/Kayin ethnicity, with a significant Muslim contingent.
Currently, due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office, health, education and social service centres have access to power from electric generators. Hydro electricity is also widely generated, mainly to recharge vehicle batteries to power household lighting. Several privately-operated mobile phone and internet services are available.
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Resettlement (Source: IOM)
In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. As of December 2013, 7,734 persons have departed from Nu Po.The majority have resettled in the USA.