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BDY Border Wide Coordination Meeting
Rice Farming 1_MRML
Nutrition Camp -based Staff Shows Baby Bright Package _MRML
2017 12 07 Veg Shop

Nu Po

Mae Chan Sub-district, Umphang District, Tak Province

Distance from Border
8 km in a straight line, 13 km by road to the border village of Perng Klerng

Distance from Mae Sot
232 km / approx. 5 hours driving time

Distance from Umphang
68 km / approx. 1½ hours driving time

Car: All-year-round access (public transport available)
Phone: No mobile phone coverage[H1] , although a landline was set up at the camp office (Oct 2010); public phone available at MoI office

Camp Geography
Area about 400 rai (64 ha)

Introduction and History

Camps Nu Po 894X300

Nu Po camp has a population of some 9,000 people and was set up in 1997 to consolidate two former camps that originated five years earlier.

The population is some 82 percent ethnic Karen/Kayin and around 6 percent Burman. There is a significant Muslim community. 

The camp operates with the efforts of a great number of camp residents and leaders, such as warehouse manager Naw Htoo Paw and sometime camp committee member Saw Gaw.

Currently, due to its isolated location, the camp whose name means “small lake” in the Karen/Kayin language, is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office, health, education and social service centres have access to power from electric generators.

Hydro-electricity is also widely generated, mainly to recharge vehicle batteries to power household lighting. Several privately-operated mobile phone and internet services are available.

Breakdown by Age
<5 Yrs 11.7%
5-17 Yrs 33.6%
Adult 54.7%
Breakdown by Gender
Female 52.1%
Male 47.9%
Breakdown by Ethnicity
Karen/Kayin 84.2%
Burman 5.9%
Mon 1.3%
Other 8.6%

In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents.  As of September 2018, a total of 9,728 persons have departed from Nu Po, according to IOM data. The majority have resettled in the USA.