- Camps in Thailand
- Camp Organisation
Ban Don Yang
Nonglu Sub-district, Sangklaburi District, Kanchanburi Province
Distance from Border
Less than 1 km
Distance from Sangklaburi
31 km / approx. 1 hour driving time (through the village of Huai Malai)
Distance from Bangkok
430 kms / approx. 6 hours driving time
Car: All-year-round access; requires 4WD in rainy season
Phone: Mobile phone coverage only behind the “Or Sor” checkpoint at camp entrance.
Area 70 acres (11 ha)
Introduction and History
‘Ban Don Yang’ means ‘rubber tree village’ in the Thai language. Around 94 percent of the population of Ban Don Yang is ethnic Karen/Kayin.
Ban Don Yang camp was formed in May 1997 from two former sites, Thu Ka and Hti Ta Baw. These former sites straddled the border and were relocated after offensives in Tenasserim Region and Dooplaya District in February 1997. Initially, living conditions were very rudimentary, with plastic sheeting for roofing and lack of adequate space between dwellings. Nowadays, houses have more suitable grass thatch roofs.
The camp lies directly opposite the Mon resettlement site of Halockhani – a collective name for an area consisting of 5 specific resettlement sites – which lies less than a kilometre away.
Due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office and health and education centres have access to power from electric generators. Some households also have access to these to recharge vehicle batteries to power residential lighting.
|Breakdown by Age|
|Breakdown by Gender|
|Breakdown by Ethnicity|
Resettlement (Source: IOM)
In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. As of December 2013, 2,586 persons had departed from the camp. The majority had resettled in the USA.