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Ban Nai Soi

Pang Moo Sub-district, Muang District, Mae Hong Son Province

Distance from Border:
4 km in a straight line

Distance from Mae Hong Son
26 km / approx. 45 minutes driving time

Car: Good, all-year-round access from sealed car road.
Phone: No mobile phone coverage

Camp Geography
Area  440 rai (70 ha)

Introduction and History

Camps Ban Nai Soi 894X300

Ban Nai Soi is also known as Ban Tractor/Ban Kwai. It has a population of over 11,600 persons, 93 percent of whom are ethnic Karenni/Kayah. Around 3 percent are ethnic Karen/Kayin.

The original Nai Soi camp was established on the Karenni/Kayah side of the border in 1989. It moved many times before it was finally settled at its present location in March 1996. In 2002 the former Ban Tractor and Ban Kwai camps were consolidated with Ban Nai Soi to make one camp.

The camp still reflects its original geographic make-up, consisting of three main sections – Ban Tractor, Ban Kwai and Nai Soi. The population has grown from 1,714 (May 1996) to 11,813 in June 2014.

Due to its isolated location, the camp is off the mains electricity grid. The camp office, and health and education centres have access to power from electric generators. Some households also have access to the generators, to recharge vehicle batteries to power residential lighting.

Breakdown by Age
<5 Yrs 10.5%
5-17 Yrs 34.1%
Adult 55.4%
Breakdown by Gender
Female 48.5%
Male 51.5%
Breakdown by Ethnicity
Karenni/Kayah 95.4%
Karen/Kayin 0.6%
Other 4%

In 2005, the Royal Thai Government gave approval for resettlement opportunities to be offered to camp residents. As of December 2013, 12,592 people had departed from Ban Nai Soi. The majority had resettled in the USA.