TBC is the main supplier of food, including rice, cooking fuel, fish paste and beans to the camps.
Funding shortfalls in recent years have seen a reduction in the quantity of refugee household rations. In 2013 a Community-Managed Targeting system was introduced in order to allocate rations more precisely according to need.
Under the system refugee committees identify the needs of households according to different criteria and identify them as most vulnerable, vulnerable, standard or self-reliant (the latter category accounted for just 1 percent of households in 2016). The most vulnerable households and those with children under the age of 18 receive extra rations.
The e-voucher programme allows refugees to buy their own food from more than 30 upgraded shops mainly run by refugee vendors, promoting greater choice, decision-making and dignity within households and the communities.
The vendors, many of whom are women, buy fresh produce from refugee gardens and agriculture plots and rice, oil, spices and other items from Thai suppliers.
The system is also familiarising refugees with the digital economy that is fast taking root in Burma/Myanmar along with the rest of the Asia region, and the pilot includes nutrition information to ensure that households are well informed on the right proportions of food-types needed for a nutritious diet.
A short video on the new food card system can be viewed here.
After a positive initial evaluation, plans are moving ahead to expand the programme to other camps.
In 2017, food and charcoal assistance is allocated in the camps as follows: