- Current Challenges
TBC strives to reduce the vulnerability of internally displaced persons and others affected by conflict and abuse in rural areas of South East Burma/Myanmar. This is pursued in collaboration with over a dozen civil society organisations from ethnic nationality communities affected by conflict. TBC is also establishing offices in Yangon, Loikaw and Mawlamyine to support the recovery of conflict-affected communities, build preparedness for future return and reintegration of displaced persons and support the transition of civil society partners.
In the middle of 2014, the Programme includes:
Community Rehabilitation: TBC provides small grants for civil society organisations to implement a range of community driven rehabilitation projects. Poverty alleviation initiatives include agricultural support for the repair of irrigation canals, management of rice banks and animal husbandry and construction of community infrastructure such as water supply systems and sanitation facilities. Community protection initiatives include human rights education and surveys of customary land users. Natural resource management projects include the community forestry and micro-hydro power production. Peace-building support focuses on promoting civil society engagement through exposure visits, network meetings, community consultations and information dissemination.
Cash transfers: Civil society partners are supported to distribute the cash equivalent of a three-months’ supply of rice to especially vulnerable civilians. A community-based targeting approach identifies villages that have either suffered shocks to livelihoods during the previous six months, are chronically impoverished or have had a significant influx of returnees and resettlement. The injection of cash promotes beneficiary choice in the prioritization of needs and helps to maintain economic and social links across conflict lines between urban traders and remote villages.
Food Assistance to IDP Camps: Six unofficial IDP camps near the Thailand/Myanmar border with a total population of some 13,000 people receive mainly food support from the TBC. Four camps that are home to Shan communities, and one camp housing mainly ethnic Karen people, receive monthly supplies of rice and iodized salt. Halockhani camp, home to mainly Mon people, receives three months of food assistance per year. TBC also offers camp management support and documents protection concerns for these isolated and vulnerable communities
Field research and documentation: TBC has been collaborating with ethnic civil society organisations to document the characteristics of internal displacement and conditions in South East Burma/Myanmar since 2002. This has included township level estimates of IDP population estimates, which are widely cited to demonstrate the scale and distribution of internal displacement. Household and village level surveys of poverty have also described the characteristics of vulnerability and resilience in areas the international community has had difficulty accessing. In 2014, TBC and its civil society partners are surveying over 220 village tracts across 23 townships about protection and justice concerns. All of TBC’s field surveys can be accessed from the Resources section.